Analyze This! Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing
According to the latest Global Terrorism Index (GTI), presented by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), international terrorism claimed fewer lives in 2018, but its impact on economic and social processes remains widespread..
«Although the intensity of terrorism has decreased, it has not diminished.», – warns Australian think tank.
Total deaths due to terrorism declined for the fourth consecutive year in 2018, down 15.2% year-on-year to 15,952 – a 53% decrease from a peak in 2014.
The main factor in reducing deaths was a decrease in the intensity of conflicts in the Middle East and military successes against terrorist groups such as ISIS and Boko Haram (organizations banned in Russia).
However, the report also states that terrorism remains a widespread problem and a serious global threat, with conservative estimates of damage to the global economy exceeding $ 34 billion in 2018..
«This is the second-worst year in history among countries that have experienced at least one death, and this highlights the need for continued vigorous international action against terrorism.», – says the report.
«The international community does a very good job of curbing the ability of terrorist groups to harm and attack, but the ideology, root cause and grievances against international terrorism still exist.», – told CNBC «Capital connection» Serge Stroobants, Director of MENA (Middle East) & North Africa) and Europe at IEP (Institute for Economics and Peace).
«What we have seen over the past 20 years is, of course, manifestations of Western foreign policy and Western intervention, which have influenced the level of terrorism in different regions of the world.», – he added as tensions in the Middle East rise and questions about the US military presence in Iraq and its broader strategy in the region remain unresolved.
Iraq and Afghanistan occupy the first lines of the rating as the countries with the most high level of terrorist activity in 2018. Afghanistan has the highest number of terrorism-related deaths and incidents for the second year in a row (over 7,000 casualties and 1,400 terrorist attacks).
«Afghanistan has experienced a significant escalation of violence due to the rise of the Taliban insurgency, the expansion of the Islamic State’s Khorasan branch, and continued political stability.», – says the report.
The 2018 report also noted that the Taliban have overtaken ISIS (a Russian-banned organization) as the deadliest terrorist group, accounting for 38% of all global deaths. The report says that nearly 40,000 people have been killed in terrorist attacks in Afghanistan since 2001..
Iraq, whose parliament recently voted to expel US troops from the country, has been at the top of the global index for the past 16 years. Iraq dropped to second place in 2018.
«Last year, in Iraq, the number of victims of terrorism fell by 70%, while in Afghanistan, on the contrary, it was an upward movement.», – said Strobanz.
The number of deaths in Iraq fell from 4,271 in 2017 to 1,054 in 2018, a decline of 75%. Despite this, more than 66,000 people have died as a result of terrorist attacks in Iraq since 2001..